India boasts numerous historical monuments that speak volumes about the rich history, cultural heritage and architectural brilliance of the country. These monuments that include forts, palaces, museums, memorials, temple complexes, etc., (some of which are even declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites) are among India’s top tourist attractions visited by millions of tourists every year. Moreover, a tour of the historical monuments of India is also crucial to understand the ancient country and its deep past. This article highlights 7 of the most beautiful historical monuments of India for first-time travelers.
India Gate, Delhi:
A famous landmark of Delhi, the All India War Memorial (well-known as India Gate) is a huge arch gate standing 42 m tall in memory of the soldiers who lost their lives in wars. The ever-burning Amar Jawan Jyoti installed underneath the archway pays tributes to these martyrs. Surrounded by beautiful lawns, India Gate is very popular among both locals and tourists. This is where the Republic Day parade is held every year.
Taj Mahal, Agra:
The most-recognized historical monument of India and one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal is a beautiful white marble mausoleum built on the banks of the Yamuna River. Its majestic beauty and mind-blowing architectural detail is extolled by many eminent historians, writers, and artists, including Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore who described the Taj Mahal as a ‘teardrop on the cheek of eternity’.
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur:
Situated in the heart of the Pink City, Hawa Mahal – the Palace of Winds – is a stunning five-story monument built in red and pink sandstone. Its unique structure, intricate architecture, and its 953 tiny windows adorned with latticework (plus the fact that this palace has no foundation) leave you in sheer awe of it. You can also enjoy great views of Jantar Mantar, City Palace, and the busy streets of Jaipur from the top of the palace.
Mysore Palace, Mysore:
One of the most beautiful palaces in the world, Mysore Palace – the royal residence of the Wadiyar dynasty – is a stunning example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. With reddish-pink domes, exquisite facades, ornate ceilings, carved wooden doors, spacious halls, huge chandeliers, and royal furnishings, every inch of this mighty palace set in well-manicured gardens oozes grandeur of the bygone era. The light and sound show that happens in the evenings is another attraction here.
Gateway of India, Mumbai:
Standing tall at Apollo Bunder Waterfront, this arch-monument built during the British Rule is one of the significant historical monuments of India. As a top tourist attraction in Mumbai, the Gateway of India is always bustling with locals and tourists. It’s a great spot for hanging out with family or friends. Go for a leisurely ferry ride on the Arabian Sea and while you are here, don’t miss out on relishing the super delicious Mumbai street food.
Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Aurangabad:
These ancient rock-cut caves, recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites, are a testimony to the country’s rich legacy. A total of 30 hand-carved caves at Ajanta and 34 at Ellora are home to brilliant rock-cut sculptures, religious paintings, murals, carvings, etc. that depict ancient Indian architecture and sculpture. While Ajanta has all Buddhist caves, Ellora has 12 Buddhist, 17 Hindu and 5 Jain caves. Of them all, the Kailasa Temple (cave 16 at Ellora) carved out of a single rock is the most remarkable one.
Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh:
Known across the world for the breathtakingly beautiful Hindu and Jain temples that feature stunning sculptures and intricate carvings on its wall (including the erotic carvings), Khajuraho is another UNESCO World Heritage Site in India. These famous monuments of India located in the Bundelkhand region of Chhatarpur district date back to the 10-12th century and serve as the finest examples of temple art and architecture in the northern part of India.
Apart from the above, Agra Fort (Agra), Golconda (Hyderabad), Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Mumbai), Victoria Memorial (Kolkata), Fatehpur Sikri (Agra), Qutub Minar (Delhi), Golden Temple (Amritsar), Brihadishwara Temple (Thanjavur), Red Fort (Delhi), Amber Fort (Jaipur), Sanchi Stupa (Sanchi), and Konark Sun Temple (Odisha) are some of the most visited historical monuments of India you must check out if you have time. Looking for ? Indian Eagle offers year-round deals and discounts on airline tickets; go book yours now!
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